The skin must be taken care of at any time of the year, but with the low temperatures and strong changes due to the contrast of degrees between inside and outside, the skin dries out much more and moisturizers become more than necessary. So keep reading and learn more about which moisturizing facial cream is suitable with your type of skin.
Reasons why the skin needs to be hydrated
The skin works as a protection barrier. It is the line of defence against the different factors we are exposed to, and normally we do not protect it as we should. Men have a thicker and stronger skin than women, in addition the men skin produce more fat because of the number of androgens they have. But this does not mean that they do not have to put on creams and hydrate them too. Women’s skin is thinner and sensitive. Having a hydrated skin allows the epidermis to look fresh, youthful and smooth.
The skin dries out way more in winter, but it does not matter in what time of the year we are, because we always have to moisturize it. Just as it does not matter what type of skin you have. An unfounded rumour runs around that says that oily skin does not need creams. False! All the cells in our body need water to function properly and the skin was not going to be any different. So, all the types of skin need water to defend us against external factors that accelerate skin aging. And the water we drink along the day is not enough, although it is completely necessary. Therefore, we must complement the hydration of the skin with various creams and care.
Another reason why it is necessary that we hydrate our skin is that as the time goes on the sebaceous glands are less active and the skin loses its water retention capacity, so it dries out more easily. In addition, from the age of 25, the body generates collagen more slowly so we will have to use a cream that will provides hydration as well as collagen.
Also, another reason is the existence of external factors such as heating, air conditioning, sun, alcohol or tobacco that cause the evaporation of water from the skin. So, if you can avoid especially these last two, your skin will be grateful.
Additionally, if the skin does not have the cells and tissues in good condition, the appearance of wrinkles, spots, cellulite or sagging will be more likely.
So, to keep the skin hydrated you must provide water and to accomplish that, there are different ways, all of them complementary and none exclusive. First of all, you have to stay hydrated at any time of the year. In winter, it can be harder to drink water because it is not hot and our body does not ask for it, but we must continue drinking our 2 litres per day. On the other hand, a good diet is the key to everything and for the skin it could not be less. Vegetables and fruits provide hydration to the body. And finally, use moisturizing products, both in the morning and at night. Such as those we will recommend below.
In conclusion, we have to hydrate our skin basically because it acts as a protective barrier against external factors such as cold, and a resistant protective barrier withstands more and better than one that is not taken care of, that will multiply the risk of problems such as dermatitis. In addition, we also must hydrate the skin to avoid dryness, because it improves its physical appearance and delays the appearance of wrinkles.
How the cold affects our skin
The cold causes vasoconstriction in the capillaries of the skin. This means that capillary vessels decrease due to the contraction of muscle fibres. This causes a lack of oxygen or nutrients in the epidermis cells, leaving the skin without its brightness. In addition, the cell renewal cycle is also delayed, and dead cells accumulate leaving dry and sensitive skin.
Another of the ways in which cold affects our skin is the appearance of redness. The skins that are more prone to redness are the thinnest, the driest and the ones with the clearest complexion. Because they are thinner, the microcirculation overlaps the skin’s surface.
Do you need to avoid makeup in winter?
On another hand, there are a lot of people who wonder if makeup should be avoided in winter. Of course not. Today, foundation creams contain a high concentration of moisturizing and nourishing substances. This does not mean that, by putting on makeup, we can avoid putting on our moisturizing cream. In fact, quite the opposite. The moisturizer of our skin is never enough. But returning to the makeup topic, what is true is that in winter it is preferable to use a liquid makeup or a base with colour and avoid the use of powders, since they dry the skin. And always, always, always, remove your makeup before going to sleep. Going to sleep with a dirty skin accelerates the appearance of wrinkles.
Types of skins that exist
There are 4 types of skin. Normal skin, oily skin, dry skin, mixed skin. And each type of skin will need a different type of cream as we will discussed in the next section.
- Normal skin
This is the type of skin that everyone wishes for, but it is the least common skin. It´s a skin that as you will assume is not too oily or too dry, it is balanced. This kind of skin has fine pores, good blood circulation, smooth texture and unwrinkled, absence of impurities, and is not sensitive or easily irritated. It is common in children and before hitting puberty.
- Oily skin
It is characterized by a massive production of sebum. This sebum production is known as seborrhoea. The pores in this type of skin are large, the face is constantly shining, and the skin looks pale because the blood vessels cannot be seen. It has a slippery and thick texture. It is prone to acne and you have to be careful with it because a high and continued appearance of acne can cause irreversible skin lesions, so it is recommended to visit periodically a dermatologist. In addition, this kind of skins take longer to age. These types of skins are typical on young skins, because when we grow older, the sebaceous glands stop producing excess of sebum and become mixed or normal.
- Dry skin
This type of skin, unlike the oily one, produces less sebum and, therefore, lacks the lipids that retain moisture and form a protective layer. In dry skin there is a deterioration of this protective barrier and that is why we have the mistaken idea that creams should only be used when we notice that our skins are dry. Wrong! Creams should always be put on, but them should be used according to each skin type.
- Mixed skin
As the name implies, mixed skin is a mixture of oily and dry skin. Both coexist in the same space, usually, in the face. On one hand, oily skin is usually located in the “T” zone (forehead, chin and nose), and on the other hand, dry skin is located in the area of the cheeks.
The best moisturizing cream according to your skin type
Now that you know how to detect what type of skin each one of you has, it is time to choose the most appropriate cream to keep the skin hydrated. So, here are the recommendations.
- Oily skin
Effaclar Mat, La Roche Posay
This cream is oil free and non-comedogenic. It has a double effect anti-shine + anti dilated pores, while preventing the skin from drying out which makes it ideal for the snowy mountain cold. Among its components we can find Sebulyse (a new active ingredient sebum regulator more potent than zinc).
Its price is around € 15.
Dramatically Different, Clinique
This cream has very good critiques. It keeps the skin hydrated throughout the day and after several months of use, the texture of the skin is softened, and the acne marks are hidden.
Its price is around € 25.
Ultra-Facial Oil Free Gel Cream, Kiehls
This cream has been created specifically for oily skin. It reduces the excess of fat and control the shining produced for the sebum throughout the day. Among its ingredients stands out the Imperata Cylindrica extract and antarcticine that helps our skin to retain the hydration. It has a very pleasant gel texture that gives a fresh sensation and rapid absorption, which makes it very comfortable to apply it if we are in the snow, for example.
Its price is around € 30.
- Dry skin
Neutrogena HydroBoost cream is a light gel that has no fragrance. It has a light texture and provides intense hydration throughout the day, which is necessary for a long day of skiing. Among the ingredients that includes, we can find hyaluronic acid and olive extracts, both essential to restore energy and vitality to your skin.
Its price is around € 12.
Nívea Intensive Moisturizer – Soft
The Nivea Soft Moisturizing creme contains jojoba oil and vitamin E to give you a soft and youthful skin. It has a creamy consistency. This product has been tested and approved by dermatologists for years.
This cream was created to penetrate the deepest layers of the skin.
Its price is around € 5.
Vichy Mineral 89
This light gel textured lotion is made at the 89% with Vichy thermal water. It only contains 11 ingredients, including hyaluronic acid, responsible for keeping the water in your cells so that the skin does not dry out or lose hydration.
This cream does not contain alcohol, parabens, silicones or perfumes.
It is a very refreshing formula that helps fight dehydration (skiing our skin suffers a lot) and its terrible consequences: itching, tightness and even burning.
Its price is around € 20.
- Mixed skin and normal skin
Acglicolic classic cream gel forte, Sesderma
It is an anti-aging gel cream with free glycolic acid and liposome that renews, regenerates and moisturizes the skin. It is specifically formulated for mixed skin. In this cream we can find vitamins C and E, stem cells of eryngium maritimum, aloe vera and a natural moisturizing factor.
Its price is around € 30.
A-Derma Hydralba Lightweight 24h light moisturizer provides an immediate hydration, protection against external factors and it lasts 24 hours as its name suggests, which makes it ideal for intensive days of skiing where our skin suffers excessively. In its ingredients includes Rhealbose complex (obtained from the rhealba oat seedling), glycerin of vegetable origin and vitamin E useful to fight the skin oxidation.
it is a perfect cream for mixed and normal skin.
Its price is around € 15.
Lancaster Skin Therapy
Cream with a light texture that moisturizes the skin gently. Leave a non-greasy finish. The pigments provide a healthy luminosity leaving the skin fresh and perfect.
It is recommended for mixed or normal skin closer to oily skin.
Its price is around € 25.