Before starting your trip for the ski resorts, a complete car inspection is unavoidable. This allows to prepare to the maximum your trip, taking into consideration the route and the weather forecast. The car has to be equipped with adapted tyres: winter tyres. 

The weather conditions to drive this season are more difficult and this might be dangerous for your safety and that of the others. In winter, when driving in snow, there is 5 times more risk of accident than over the dry road and 10 times more risk over the ice (Source: Institut de recherche des accidents de la rute VUFO).
Winter tyres improve adherence over the wet, snowed and icy road. They also allow to reduce significantly breaking distances. Adapted to be use on highways with low temperatures, especially below 7 degrees. Winter tyres have been created to resist the adverse weather conditions. 
Thanks to the treads on the tyre, the snow and the water easely evacuate. Multiple treads all over the rubber of the tyres ensure a good traction. They prevent problems of aquaplaning. They’re formed by different kinds of flexible resins, of caucho very resistant to the cold, of cilicium, of oils, of nylon and other components. 
And don’t forget the pressure. Indeed, the ambient temperature influences the preassure of your tyres. In order to drive at the correct pression with the winter tyres, you have to add 0,2b on cold. 
Some questions:
 
When do I have to adapt my car with winter tyres? 
From the moment the temperatures are below 7 degrees. Usually, from November until March 
What type of car do I need to install the winter tyres? 
You can install them on every type of car, even a 4X4. 

Can I drive all year with the winter tyres? 
Yes, if you are legally authorized. But it’s not recommended to drive all year with this kind of tyres. In case of extreme heat, the rubber tread will be worn off faster. 
Which is the difference between winter tyres and snow tyres? 
Both are part of the same category of tyres resistant to low temperatures. The Nordic tyres are foreseen for the extreme cold. 

How to recognize a winter tyre? 
It has a special sign. There is a logo designed for this type of tyres: 3PMSF (Three Peak Mountain Snowflake). The incription “M+S” stands for Mud and Snow, and allows a better control of the car on mud, fresh snow and hard snow. 

If I live in a snowy region, is it suitable to adapt my car with winter tyres? 
Yes, winter tyres can be used for the rain also. There are not only reserved for the high mountains.

How many tyres do I have to buy?
The answer is easy, your car has 4 wheels. So it’s necessary to buy 4 winter tyres. This allows the car to be balanced and to obtain a maximum security. 

And what about the studded tyres? 
This are winter tyres with more than 100 studs. To drive with this type of tyres it’s not pleasant and vert noisy. They are used for the icy and snowy roads. The metallic structures offer more adherence than a simple winter tyre. 
However, the most important thing are the famous snow chains. If there is an important snowfall, winter tyres are not enough, you should add a snow chain. But attention, snow chains might be mandatory on some mountain roads when there is too much snow. 
Snow socks improve adherence but can not remplace snow chains. In addition, we could prepare to take with us a cooling liquid. If during your holidays in the mountain your car suffers difficult conditions, the engine will be grateful.
Now, your car is ready for a mountain trip. The I LOVE SKI team wishes you a nice preparation of your trip!