Just as in the other I Love Ski’s “Safety Dossiers”, we encourage skiers to develop safe habits, such as carrying a basic first aid kit.
The first aid kit will help manage minor injuries (small cuts, minor joint trauma after a crash or fall, and other identifiable discomforts…) and thus allow the continuation of the journey on foot to the nearest medical center. They can also help us handle a situation of having to wait for help in the case of more serious injuries.
The composition of a first aid kit can be very basic (some dressings stored in one of the pockets of the bag, an adhesive elastic band). Though, it can be even more comprehensive and will vary depending on medical skills, knowledge, practice, experience, and the type of outing the skier has gone on.
In this article, we offer an example of the contents of a first aid kit to be used systematically on all outings to the mountain. However, the list of which is open ended and not exhaustive. Everyone is free to complete it with the elements that seem most appropriate to them.
What to put in the first aid kit?
All items can be stored in a first aid kit with a dimension of roughly 10X15 (see photo):
- A multipurpose knife (similar to leatherman)
- A pair of disposable gloves (to avoid direct contact with wounds)
- Antiseptic (similar to betadine)
- One roll of adhesive elastic band (Width 3 cm)
- One roll of flexible and non-sticky elastic bandage (Width 7 cm)
- A diverse set of sterile dressings and compresses.
- Adhesive suture strips (similar to Urgostrip)
- Hydrocolloid dressings.
- Special dressings for blisters (similar to Scholl)
- Survival blanket
- A set of emergency medication (see NOTE) to be administered only after previous medical advice: analgesic (paracetamol, etc.), anti-inflammatory (ibuprofen), antispasmodic (loperamide, buscopan etc.)
- Eye drops
In case of discomfort, medication can be kept in the first aid kit, but administration to a third person should be exclusive to a health professional such as a doctor. In the case of medical assistance, it is advisable to have the prior consent of the person. It is strongly recommended to dial an emergency number (15,112) to contact a doctor. Then you will need to be specific about the details of your alert message, such as the origin of the discomfort, the medical history of the victim, possible treatments, observations, the location of the pain …
In the case of the patient having a known medical condition, the course of action chosen must be taken with their consent. However, prior contact with a doctor is highly recommended.
Once the medication has been administered, the victim’s progress should be monitored regularly.